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国务院办公厅关于印发兴边富民行动“十三五”规划的通知

日期: 2019-06-16 09:19 来源:快乐十二_快乐12官网-【首充包赔】  [ 字体:    ] 

国务院办公厅关于印发兴边富民行动

“十三五”规划的通知

国办发〔2017〕50号


gesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashirenminzhengfu,guowuyuangebuwei、gezhishujigou:

《xingbianfuminxingdong“shisanwu”guihua》yijingguowuyuantongyi,xianyinfajinimen,qingrenzhenguancheshishi。

                          国务院办公厅
                            2017年5月28日

(cijiangongkaifabu)



兴边富民行动“十三五”规划


shishixingbianfuminxingdong,duiyutuidongbianjingdiqujingjishehuikuaisufazhan,tigaogezuqunzhongshenghuoshuiping,jiaqiangminzutuanjie,gongguzuguobianfang,weihuguojiatongyi,zengjinzhongwaimulinyouhaojuyouteshuzhongyaoyiyi。“shisanwu”shiqishikuaileshierguoquanmianshenhuagaigedeguanjianshiqi,yeshibianjingdiqutongbuquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuidejueshengjieduan。weiguancheluoshidangzhongyang、guowuyuanguanyujinyibutuijinxingbianfuminxingdongdejuecebushu,genju《zhonggongzhongyang guowuyuanguanyujiaqianghegaijinxinxingshixiaminzugongzuodeyijian》、《zhonghuarenmingongheguoguominjingjiheshehuifazhandishisangewunianguihuagangyao》,bianzhibenguihua。

快乐十二benguihuashishifanweiweikuaileshierguoludibianjingdiqu,baokuoneimenggu、liaoning、jilin、heilongjiang、guangxi、yunnan、xizang、gansu、xinjiangdeng9geshengqude140geludibianjingxian(shi、qu、qi)hexinjiangshengchankuaileshierbingtuande58gebianjingtuanchang(yixiatongchengbianjingxian)。canzhao“shierwu”qijianzuofa,hainansheng6geminzuzizhixianjixubizhaoxiangshouxingbianfuminxingdongxiangguanzhengce。

一、规划背景

快乐十二kuaileshierguoludiyu14geguojiajierang,ludibianjingxianzhang2.2wangongli,qizhong1.9wangonglizaiminzudiqu。bianjingdiquguotumianji197wanpingfanggongli,renkou2300duowan,qizhongshaoshuminzurenkoujinyiban,you30duogeminzuyuzhoubianguojiatongyiminzupilinerju。bianjingdiqudichukuaileshierguoduiwaikaifangdeqianyan,shiquebaoguotuanquanheshengtaianquandezhongyaopingzhang,zaiquanguogaigefazhanwendingdajuzhongjuyouzhongyaozhanlvediwei。weituidongbianjingdiqujiakuaifazhan,fuchibianjinggezurenminjinkuaizhifubenxiaokang,dangzhongyang、guowuyuanzuochuleshishixingbianfuminxingdongdezhanlvejuece。zaigeyouguandifanghebumengongtongnulixia,xingbianfuminxingdongchixutuijin,qudexianzhuchengxiao,tebieshitongguoshishixingbianfuminxingdong“shiyiwu”、“shierwu”guihua,bianjingdiquzonghejingjishilimingxianzengqiang,jichusheshihejibengonggongkuaileshiertixibuduanjianquan,bianminshengchanshenghuotiaojiandafugaishan,duiwaikaifangshuipingchixutigao,minzutuanjiehebianfanggongguxiaoguotuchu,gezuqunzhongningjulihexiangxinlixianzhuzengqiang,weibianjingdiququanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuidiandinglejianshijichu。

快乐十二youyuteshudelishi、ziran、dilihefuzadezhoubianhuanjingdengduofangmianyinsuyingxiang,tongqitadiquxiangbi,bianjingdiqujingjishehuifazhanrengranxiangduizhihou,jibenkuaileshierqianzhangduo,fazhantouruzongtibuzu,jichusheshixiangduiluohou,xinxinggongyehua、xinxihua、chengzhenhua、nongyexiandaihuafazhanshuipingjiaodi,pinkunwentiyirantuchu,baozhanghegaishanminshengrenwujianju,geleirencaiyanzhongkuifa,duiwaikaifangcengciheshuipingjidaitisheng,bufendiqufanfenliedouzhengheweiwenxingshifuzayanjun。zongtishangkan,bianjingdiquzuoweiquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuideteshuduanbanheboruohuanjie,mianlindeyalihetiaozhanburongdigu。

快乐十二suizhekuaileshierguoquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuijinrujueshengjieduan,“yidaiyilu”kuaileshierjiakuaituijin,quyuxiediaofazhanbuduanshenhua,tuopingongjianquanmianzhankai,guojiaduibianjingdiququanfangweifuchilidubuduanjiada,kuaileshierguoyuzhoubianguojiaguanxidefazhanjinruxinjieduan,shenrutuijinxingbianfuminxingdongmianlinnandedejiyu。geyouguandifanghebumenyaochongfenrenshijiakuaibianjingdiqufazhanzaidangheguojiagongzuoquanjuzhongdezhongdayiyi,bashenrutuijinxingbianfuminxingdongbaizaigengjiazhongyaoweizhi,zengqiangzerenyishi、youhuanyishi,zhunquebawozhanlvejiyuqi,jinyibujiadagongzuolidu,jianchigaigechuangxin,jianchiyirenweiben,jianchiweihutuanjiewendingheguojiaanquan,buduantuidongbianjingdiqujingjishehuifazhanmaishangxintaijie。

二、总体要求

(一)指导思想。

gaojuzhongguoteseshehuizhuyiweidaqizhi,yimakesilieningzhuyi、maozedongsixiang、dengxiaopinglilun、“sangedaibiao”zhongyaosixiang、kexuefazhanguanweizhidao,quanmianguanchedangdeshibadaheshibajiesanzhong、sizhong、wuzhong、liuzhongquanhuijingshen,shenruguanchexijinpingzongshujixiliezhongyaojianghuajingshenhezhiguolizhengxinlinianxinsixiangxinzhanlve,jinjinweiraotongchoutuijin“wuweiyiti”zongtibujuhexiediaotuijin“sigequanmian”zhanlvebuju,laogushuliheguancheluoshichuangxin、xiediao、lvse、kaifang、gongxiangdefazhanlinian,jianchi“zhonghuaminzuyijiaqin,tongxingongzhuzhongguomeng”gongtongmubiao,jianchi“fumin、xingbian、qiangguo、mulin”zongzhirenwu,jianchihanweiguojiazhuquanhelingtuwanzheng,yibaojiben、buduanbanweizhongdian,zhelishishiqiangjigubian、minshenganbian、chanyexingbian、kaifangmubian、shengtaihubian、tuanjiewenbian,kuaileshierfanrongwendinghexiebianjing,gongguzuguobianfang,quebaobianjingdiquyuquanguotongbuquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui,weishixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiao、shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingzhongguomengzuochugongxian。

(二)基本原则。

——边民为本,改善民生。采取特殊政策措施着力保障和改善民生,解决好边民最关心、最直接、最现实的生活问题,兜住民生底线,帮助贫困边民实现脱贫,推进基本公共快乐十二均等化,确保各族群众共享改革发展成果。

——因地制宜,分类指导。紧密围绕国家总体外交和国防边防需要,根据边境各地边民需求、自然生态条件、发展水平及毗邻国家情况,分别研究确定主要任务和重点工程,加强分类指导和政策支持,重点解决特殊困难和突出问题。

——统筹兼顾,突出重点。快乐十二统筹规划边境地区发展路径,兼顾当前和长远,考虑需要和可能,以沿边境乡镇为重点梯次推进,同时将边境市(地、州、盟)和新疆生产快乐十二兵团边境师(以下统称边境市)作为规划联动区,增强对边境地区快乐十二发展的支撑保障能力,形成边境地区夯实前沿、以边带面、从线到片的空间格局。

——改革创新,活边富民。深化重点领域和关键环节改革,消除制约边境地区发展的体制机制障碍,推动相关新政策、新举措在有条件的边境地区先行先试,推进经济转型升级和大众创业、万众创新,进一步提升边境地区开放水平、产业发展水平,使市场在资源配置中起决定性作用,更好发挥政府作用,带动边民增收致富。

——军民融合,共建共享。以基础设施共建共享、社会快乐十二保障统筹、军地公共安全合作、边防民防融合快乐十二为重点,坚持平战结合、防管一体、深度融合,补齐短板弱项,增强对经济快乐十二和国防快乐十二的支撑能力。

——促进团结,固边睦邻。快乐十二全面正确贯彻落实党的民族宗教政策,不断巩固平等、团结、互助、和谐的社会主义民族关系,维护边境地区社会稳定,增强兴边富民辐射作用,增进睦邻友好,为边境地区发展营造良好内外环境。

(三)发展目标。

快乐十二dao2020nian,bianjingdiqutongbuquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui,jichusheshijinyibuwanshan,kuaileshierfazhanhebaozhangbianfangnengliquanmiantisheng;minshengbaozhangshuipingjinyibutigao,bianminanjushoubiantiaojianquanmiangaishan;teseyoushichanyejiaokuaifazhan,zhichengqunzhongjubianzhifuzuoyongquanmianzengqiang;shendurongru“yidaiyilu”kuaileshier,yanbiankaifakaifangshuipingxianzhutigao;shengtaihuanjingbaohuqudemingxianchengxiao,jingjishehuiyushengtaihuanjingshixianxiediaofazhan;minzutuanjiejichujinyibuhangshi,bianjingdiquandinghexiejumiangengjiagonggu。

——综合经济实力显著增强。快乐十二边境地区生产总值、城乡居民人均收入年均增速高于全国平均水平。人民生活显著改善,新型城镇化持续推进,科技创新能力明显增强,生态环境质量持续好转。

——基础设施条件全面强化。快乐十二沿边铁路、公路、机场快乐十二全面推进,边境地区区际交通网络初步形成。具备条件的沿边境乡镇、建制村通硬化路和客车,自然村道路交通条件明显改善。农田水利设施基本完善。农村饮水安全保障水平明显提高。用电问题全面解决。清洁能源普及率明显提高。信息基础设施全面加强。

——民生保障水平不断提高。边境地区基本公共快乐十二主要领域指标达到或接近全国平均水平,农村贫困人口全部脱贫,贫困县全部摘帽。城乡居民住房、交通条件得到改善,边民上学难、看病难问题基本解决,劳动年龄人口平均受教育年限明显增加,就业规模不断扩大,边民文化需求基本得到满足,总体实现基本公共快乐十二均等化。

——特色优势产业较快发展。边境地区产业结构进一步调整,产业布局更趋合理,特色优势产业体系更加健全,初步建成一批能源资源、生物资源、民族文化资源、农产品加工基地和区域性国际商贸物流中心及旅游集散中心,自快乐十二发展能力进一步增强。

——沿边开放水平显著提高。对外开放平台更加完善,国际经济合作成效显著,口岸功能与设施更加完备,边境货物贸易稳步发展,快乐十二贸易增长明显加快,边境经济合作区、跨境经济合作区等开发开放平台的辐射和示范作用增强,合作层次和水平进一步提升。

——实现生态良好绿色发展。快乐十二绿色低碳循环的生产生活方式在边境地区深入人心,跨区域生态快乐十二和环境保护联动机制建立健全,森林、草原、河湖、湿地等自然生态系统稳定性和生态快乐十二功能全面提升,边境地区经济与资源环境协调发展态势明显。

——确保边防安全边疆稳固。军民融合发展全面加强,民族团结进步和爱民固边系列创建活动深入推进,边民国家意识、国民意识、国防意识进一步增强。社会治安立体防控体系基本建成,维稳控边能力进一步增强。与周边国家友好往来更加密切。

三、主要任务和重点工程

(一)围绕强基固边推进边境地区基础设施快乐十二。

1.加强边境地区综合交通运输体系快乐十二。

jieheguojiakaifangzhanlvehequyufazhanguihua,datongbianjingdiquduineiduiwailianxidatongdao,shixiantongjiangdahaichujing。shenrushishijunminronghefazhanzhanlve,tuijinyanbianqujitielujiaotongwangluo、gonglujiaotongwangluo、hangkongwangluohehangyunwangluokuaileshier,tishengkouan、yanbiangongludengji,tigaoguojiabianfangjiaotongbaozhangnengli,jiaqiangjingjizhongxin、renkoujijuqu、kouan、gangkoudengzhijiandejiaotonglianxi。

tuidongbianjingdiqutielutongdaokuaileshier。zhongdiantuijin“yidaiyilu”guojitongdao、qujiganxianheyanbiantielukuaileshier,kuodaluwangfugaimian,zhubuxingchengyituoguoneitieluwang、lianjiezhoubianguojiadeduiwaitielutongdaowangluo。jiakuaikuaileshierfanyatielu、dieryaoudaluqiaotielu、dongbeiyaluhailianyuntielu,yanjiutuijinzhongchaobianjingtielukuaileshier。jiaqiangbianjingdiquyuneididetielutongdaokuaileshier,tuijinchuanzangtongdaokuaileshier,zengqiangxinan、xibei、dongbeidiquyuneididetongdaolianxinengli。dalishishijinchujiang、zanggongcheng。

快乐十二tuidongbianjingdiqugonglutongdaokuaileshier。yiguojiagaosugongluwangdaiguantongluduanweizhongdian,wenbutuijinyuzhoubianguojiahulianhutong、yuneidijiaotongyunshulianxidedatongdaoxiangmukuaileshier。jiakuaiyuzhoubianguojiadeguojigongluyunshutongdaokuaileshier,jibenshixianyuzhongdianpilinguojiaxiangliandezhongyaogonglutongdaogaodengjihua,tishengzhongdiankouangonglutongxingnenglihekuaileshiershuiping。wanshanbianjingdiqugongluwangbuju,youxutuijinyitongxiangongluweizhongdiandeguoshengganxiangonglugaizao,jiaqiangzhongyin、zhongchao、zhongmian、zhonge、zhongmengfangxiangyanbiangongluhebianfanggonglukuaileshier。

快乐十二jiaqiangbianjingdiquhangkonghangyunkuaileshier。jiakuaifazhanquyushuniujichang,helifazhanzhixianjichanghetongyongjichang。jiaqiangkuajieheliudehangdaozhili,jiaqianglancangjiang—meigonghedengguojishuiyuntongdaokuaileshier。jijituijinjiehekuajingqiaoliangkuaileshier,baozhanghetuokuanduiwaitongdao。

daligaishanbianjingnongcunjiaotongzhuangkuang。jixushishiyanbiandiqutebieshibianjingjianzhicunnongcungonglutongdagongchenghetongchanggongcheng,zhichiyidingrenkouguimodezirancuntongyinghualukuaileshier,youxianjiejuechebingjianzhicuntongyinghualu。jiaqiangweiqiaogaizao、anbaogongcheng、xianxianggonglugaizao、zhailujilumiangonglutuokuangaizao、xianjikeyunzhan、xiangzhenkeyunzhan、dukougaizaodengzhongdiangongchengkuaileshier。

(国家发展改革委、交通运输部、铁路总公司、国家铁路局、中国民航局按职责分工分别负责,下同)

2.加强边境地区水利能源基础设施快乐十二。

tuijinbianjingdiqushuilikuaileshier。zhichibianjingdiqukaizhannongcunyinshuianquangonggutishenggongcheng、nongtianshuiligongcheng、fanghongkanghanjianzaigongcheng、shuiziyuankaifaliyonggongcheng、shuiziyuanbaohugongcheng、shuitubaochihenongcunshuidiangongchengdengminshengshuiligongchengkuaileshier。jixushishibingjiakuaituijinyipizhongdianshuiyuangongcheng,buduantigaobianjingdiqushuiziyuandiaoxunenglihegongshuibaozhangnengli。zaibianjingdiquyouxianwanchengdazhongxingguanquxujianpeitaoyujieshuigaizao,zhongdianzhichinongtiangaoxiaojieshuiguangaigongcheng,jiakuaishishiquyuguimohuagaoxiaojieshuiguangaigongcheng,yitianjianquxipeitao、“wuxiaoshuili”gongcheng、nongcunhetangqingyuzhengzhiweizhongdian,jiaqiangxiaoxingnongtianshuilisheshikuaileshier。anpaihezhichibianjingdiquzhongxiaoheliuzhili、bingxianshuikushuizhachuxianjiagudengshuilikuaileshierxiangmu,kexueyouxutuijinkuaguojieheliuzhiligongchengkuaileshier。jiaqiangbianjingdiqushanhongzaihaifangzhilidu,wanshanshanhongzaihaijianceyujingxitong,kaizhanzhongdianshanhonggoufanghongzhili。

快乐十二jiakuaibianjingdiqunengyuankuaileshierbufa。dalituijinyouqizhanlvetongdaokuaileshier,wenbutuijinbianjingdiquyuzhoubianguojiadedianlijichusheshihezuo。zaibaohushengtaiqiantixia,jijiwentuokaifakuaileshiershuidian,yindizhiyifazhantaiyangnengguangfufadianhefenglifadian,zhichiliwangquedianpinkundiquxiaoshuidiankaifa,yanjiujianlishuidiankaifabianmingongxiangliyijizhi。yibianjingdiquxiaochengzhen、zhongxincunweizhongdian,shenrushishixinyilunnongcundianwanggaizaoshengjigongcheng,tishengbianjingdiqudianlipubiankuaileshiershuiping。lizhengdao2020nian,dianwangfugaiquanbubianjingxianbingdadaoxiaokangdianshuiping。

(水利部、国家能源局、国家发展改革委、外交部)

3.加强边境地区信息基础设施快乐十二。

jiakuaiwanshanbianjingzhengwuxinxiwangluopingtai,zhichidianzizhengwu、dianzishangwu、yuanchengjiaoyu、yuanchengyiliao、wangluoanquan、shehuixinyongtixidengzhongdaxinxihuagongchenghewangluoyuxinxianquansheshikuaileshier,jiakuaichengshiguangxiankuandaijieru,wanshannongcunzonghexinxikuaileshiertixi,jiakuaituijinxinxijincunruhu,shixianxingzhengcuntongkuandai、20huyishangzirancunhezhongyaojiaotongyanxiantongxinxinhaofugai、bianjingdiqunongcunguangbodianshihexinxiwangluoquanfugai。jiaqiangbianjingdiquwuxiandianguanlijishusheshikuaileshier,qianghuayuzhoubianguojiatongxinhulianhutonghewuxiandianpinlvxiediao,jiakuaituijinbianjingdiquxinxiwangluosheshikuaileshier,jiaqiangbianjingdiquwangluoyuxinxianquanguanlihewangluoyuxinxianquanjishushouduankuaileshier,qianghuaxinxiwangluoanquanyuyingjibaozhangnengli。jixutuijinxingbianfuminxingdongcehuidilixinxibaozhanggongcheng,jiaqiangbianjingdiqujichuxinghezhuantixingdiliguoqingjiance,weixingbianfuminxingdongtigongjueceyiju,weixiangguanzhongdagongchengshishitigongjianguanshouduan。

(国家发展改革委、工业和信息化部、新闻出版广电总局、国家网信办、国家测绘地信局)

4.因地制宜推进边境地区城镇化快乐十二。

快乐十二qianglituijinyanbianchengzhenkuaileshier。anzhaoyanbianjiju、helibuju、jiyuefazhanheshiduchaoqianyuanze,yibianjingshiweiyinling,goujianyibianjingzhongyaojiedianchengshihexiaochengzhenweizhicheng、linbianjizhenweijiedian、dibiancunzhaiweizhidian,yanbianjingxianfusheyanshendechengzhendai。jiaqiangyuzhoubianchengshidetongchouguihuayugongnengpeitao,youxutuijinbianjingzhongdianzhenkuaileshier,qieshiwanshanjichusheshihegonggongkuaileshier,yindizhiyifazhantesexianming、chanchengronghe、chengxiangtongchou、chongmanmeilidebianjingxiaochengzhen,jiangjuyouteseziyuan、quweiyoushidezhongdianzhenpeiyuchengweixiuxianlvyou、shangmaowuliu、xiandaizhizao、jiaoyukejidengtesexiaozhen,fazhanchengweikuaileshiernongcun、daidongzhoubiandezonghexingxiaochengzhen。baohubianjingdiqulishiwenhuamingchengmingzhenmingcun,tuijinchuantongcunluobaohuhetesejingguanlvyoucunzhenkuaileshier。jiaqiangshaoshuminzutesecunzhenbaohuyufazhan,kuaileshierbianjingshaoshuminzutesecunzhenlangdai。

(国家发展改革委、住房城乡快乐十二部、国家旅游局、国家民委)

专栏1 强基固边工程

1)沿边公共快乐十二设施快乐十二工程。在沿边界线重要节点快乐十二较高水平和标准的学校、医院、国际旅行卫生保健中心、文化广场、公共体育快乐十二设施、市场等,全面提升基础设施快乐十二水平,提高公共快乐十二辐射周边能力,展示国家形象,增强边民凝聚力、向心力和自豪感。(国家发展改革委、教育部、住房城乡快乐十二部、国家卫生计生委、文化部、体育总局、商务部、海关总署、质检总局)

2)边境交通脱贫攻坚工程。重点建好边境地区康庄大道路、幸福小康路、平安放心路、特色致富路,全力加快边境地区国家高速公路、普通国省道、农村公路、县级客运站、乡镇客运站、渡改桥等重点工程快乐十二。(国家发展改革委、交通运输部、铁路总公司、国家铁路局)

3)“一带一路”国际铁路通道快乐十二工程。规划快乐十二克拉玛依—塔城(巴克图)铁路,研究快乐十二中吉乌、中巴等铁路。规划快乐十二防城港—东兴等铁路,研究快乐十二临沧—清水河、日喀则—吉隆铁路,推进芒市—猴桥铁路前期工作。(国家发展改革委、交通运输部、铁路总公司、国家铁路局)

4)沿边铁路、沿边公路贯通工程。研究快乐十二孙吴—逊克—乌伊岭铁路,推进韩家园—黑河、鹤岗—富锦、创业—饶河—东方红、东宁—珲春等东北沿边铁路,芒市—临沧—文山—靖西—防城港等西南沿边铁路的前期工作,逐步推进沿边铁路快乐十二。有序推进G219线(喀纳斯至东兴)东兴—峒中、丙中洛—贡山—福贡—泸水、吉木乃—和布克赛尔、萨嘎县—朗县金东乡等公路快乐十二,G331线(丹东至阿勒泰)阿勒泰—青河、鸣沙山—塔克什肯口岸、二连浩特口岸—满都拉图、北银根—甜水井、新华—英安等公路快乐十二,逐步贯通快乐十二国沿边公路。(国家发展改革委、交通运输部、铁路总公司、国家铁路局)

5)兴地睦边土地整治重大工程。重点对边境地区田、水、路、林、村等进行综合整治,加强农田基础设施快乐十二,改善区域农业生产环境,提高农业综合生产能力。(国土资源部、财政部)

6)边境农村饮水安全巩固提升工程。加快在边境农村快乐十二一批集中供水工程。对分散性供水和水质不达标的,实行提质增效改造。推进净水设施改造和消毒设备配套工程、水源保护和信息化快乐十二,提升边境村寨自来水普及率、供水保证率、水质达标率,全面解决边境地区群众饮水问题。(水利部、国家发展改革委)

7)边境地区信息安全基础工程。实施宽带乡村和边境地区中小城市基础网络完善工程。加强农村邮政、电信和互联网基础设施快乐十二。完善边防边控通信设施,加快网络信息安全、无线电监测系统快乐十二。支持边防覆盖和应急通信工程。(工业和信息化部、国家发展改革委、国家邮政局、国家网信办、公安部)

8)沿边重点城镇快乐十二工程。选择具有一定产业基础、人口规模和发展潜力较大、区位优势较为突出的沿边境重点城镇,完善发展规划、拓展城镇功能、提高管理快乐十二水平,增强人口集聚能力,打造边境地区统筹发展的重要节点。(国家发展改革委、住房城乡快乐十二部、国土资源部、工业和信息化部、公安部、商务部)

9)边境地区少数民族特色村镇工程。选择一批民族特色突出、地域优势明显的村镇,通过加强民族文化保护、传承和发展,保护完善村落设施,推动特色村镇快乐十二与旅游资源开发、环境保护、特色优势产业发展相结合,快乐十二一批少数民族特色村寨和特色小镇。(国家民委、住房城乡快乐十二部、国土资源部、环境保护部、文化部、国家文物局、国家旅游局、国家发展改革委)


(二)围绕民生安边全力保障和改善边境地区民生。

1.精准推进边境贫困人口居边脱贫。

shishibianjingdiqujiudijiujintuopinzhuanxiangxingdong。weiraoshoubiangutu、jubiantuopinzhifumubiao,anzhao“liugejingzhun”deyaoqiu,jianchibianjingdiqufupinkaifayufuyubianmin、gonggubianfangxiangjiehe,zhidingjingzhunzhichibianminjiudijiujintuopinzhifudeyoulicuoshi。caiquxiangguanyouhuizhengce,jiadafuchilidu,yindizhiyizhichiyanbianjingjiandanglikapinkuncunfazhan。duijuzhuzaiyanbianjingteshuquyudejiandanglikapinkunhu,zonghecaiqujingjifuchi、jinrongzhichi、shenghuobaozhang、youhuakuaileshierdengcuoshi,chedijiejueqishengchanshenghuohouguzhiyou,yindaoqizengqiangguojiarentongganhezihaogan,anxinshenghuo、dingxinshoubian。

jianjuedayingbianjingdiqutuopingongjianzhan。jianchijingzhunfupinyuquyufazhanxiangjiehe,jingzhundaoren、fuchidaohuyuzhengcuntuijin、zhengxiangtuijin、zhengxiantuijinxiangjiehe,guojiagexiangfupinzhengcexiangbianjingdiquqingxie。quanlituijinchanyefupin、jiuyefupin、jiaoyufupin、kejifupin、jiankangfupin、shengtaibaohufupin、canjirentuopinhedoudibaozhang,tishengpinkunbianminshengchanshenghuoshuiping。qianglituijinbianjingpinkundiqutesechanyefupin,zhongdianzhichijiandanglikapinkuncun、pinkunhuyindizhiyifazhanzhongyangye、chuantongshougongye、nongchanpinjiagongyehexiangcunlvyoushixiantuopin。shishi“hulianwang+”chanyefupin、kejizhulijingzhunfupin、dianshangfupin、guangfufupin、xiangcunlvyoufupingongcheng,tuokuanbianminzengshouzhifuqudao。jieheguojiatuigenghailinhaicao、tianranlinbaohu、tuimuhaicaodengshengtaigongcheng,tigaopinkunrenkoucanyuduheshouyishuiping。wenbushishijiaoyutuopingongjian“shisanwu”guihua,shixianjiandanglikapinkunrenkoujiaoyujibengonggongkuaileshierquanfugai,baozhanggejiaoyujieduancongruxuedaobiyedequanchengquanbuzizhu。shishibianjingdiqujiankangfupingongcheng,baozhangpinkunrenkouxiangyoujibenyiliaoweishengkuaileshier,nulifangzhiyinbingzhipin、yinbingfanpin。jiadageleijinrongjigoutebieshizhengcexingjinrongjigouduibianjingdiqufupinkaifadezhichilidu,tuokuanjinrongfupindezijinlaiyuanqudao,jiangdifupinkaifarongzichengben。wanshannongcunzuidishenghuobaozhangzhidu,duibufenhuowanquansangshilaodongnengliqiewufayikaochanyefuchihejiuyebangzhutuopindejiatingshixingzhengcexingbaozhangdoudi。xianxingbiaozhunxianongcunpinkunrenkoushixiantuopin,pinkunxianquanbuzhaimao,jiejuebianjingdiququyuxingzhengtipinkun。

(国务院扶贫办、国家发展改革委、农业部、住房城乡快乐十二部、民政部、环境保护部、教育部、科技部、中国科协、人力资源社会保障部、国土资源部、工业和信息化部、国家卫生计生委、国家林业局、国家旅游局、人民银行、中国残联、财政部、国家民委)

2.全面改善边民居住生活条件。

快乐十二zhelituijinyanbiancunzhuangkuaileshier。zonghekaolvshoutugubianxuyaohejubeifazhantiaojianliangfangmianyinsu,zhenghezhengceziyuan,kexueguihuabianjingcunzhenkuaileshier、cunluofenbu、nongtianbaohu、shengtaihanyangdengkongjianbuju,yindizhiyizhidingyanbiancunzhuangbiaozhun,jixushishiyigongdaizhengongcheng,zhongdianzhichibianjingpinkundiqujibennongtiankuaileshier、nongtianshuilikuaileshier、xiangcundaolukuaileshier、xiaoliuyuzhili、pianquzonghekaifa、caochangkuaileshier、cunrongcunmaozhengzhidengzhongxiaoxinggongyixingjichusheshixiangmukuaileshier。quanmiangaishanbianminjuzhutiaojian,quanlijiaqiangcunzhuangsheshikuaileshier,tuijincunzhuangrenjuhuanjingzonghezhengzhi,yanbianjingxiankuaileshieryipicunmeiminfu、minzutuanjie、mulinyouhao、bianfangwengu、renminxingfudecunzhuang。

zheligaishanbianminshengchanshenghuotiaojian。gulihefuchibianjingdiquchangzhujumindibianjuzhushengchan,jiehegedishiji,wanshanbianminbutiejizhi,shishitigaobianminbuzhubiaozhun,duihubianyuan、bianjinglianfangduiyuandengbianjingqunfangzuzhikuaileshieryuyiqingxie。jiakuaituijinbianjingdiquchengzhenbaozhangxinganjugongcheng、nongcunweifanggaizao、nongkenweifanggaizaoheyoumumindingjugongchengkuaileshier,heliquedingbuzhubiaozhun,jiadabianjingdiqugongliyiliaoweishengjigouyiwurenyuan、xiangzhenganbu、xiangcunxuexiaojiaoshizhouzhuanfangjipeitaosheshikuaileshierzhichilidu,baozhangbianminjuzhuanquan。

(国家发展改革委、住房城乡快乐十二部、民政部、环境保护部、农业部、教育部、公安部、国家民委、财政部)

3.大力推进边境地区社会保障体系快乐十二。

快乐十二jiadabianjingdiqushehuibaozhangtixikuaileshierzhichilidu。shishibianjingdiququanmincanbaojihua,jiakuaiwanshanfugaichengxiangjumindeshehuibaoxiantixiheshehuijiuzhutixi。yijibenyanglao、jibenyiliao、zuidishenghuobaozhangweizhongdian,wanshanfugaichengxiang、zhidujianquan、guanliguifandeduocengcishehuibaozhangtixi。tuijinchengxiangjuminyanglaobaoxianquanmincanbao,weichengxiangjumintigongguifangaoxiaobianjiekuaileshier。zhenghechengxiangjuminyiliaobaoxianzhidu,quanmianshishichengxiangjumindabingbaoxianzhidu,quanmiantuijinzhongtedajibingyiliaojiuzhugongzuo,jianquanyiliaojiuzhuyujibenyiliaobaoxian、chengxiangjumindabingbaoxianjixiangguanbaozhangzhidudexianjiejizhi。quanmiangaoxiaoshishilinshijiuzhuzhidu,jiejuechengxiangkunnanqunzhongtufaxing、jinpoxing、linshixingjibenshenghuokunnan。jianquantekunrenyuanjiuzhugongyangzhidu,zhichibianjingdiqugongyangkuaileshierjigoukuaileshier,youxianjizhonggongyangwanquanhuobufensangshishenghuozilinenglidetekunrenyuan。zhichibianjingdiquyanglaokuaileshiertixikuaileshier。zhichiquyuxingjiuzaijianzaizhihuizhongxinhejiuzaiwuzichubeiku、yingjibinanchangsuokuaileshier。

(国家发展改革委、人力资源社会保障部、民政部、国家卫生计生委、财政部)

4.优先发展边境地区教育事业。

tuidongbianjingdiqujiaoyushiyequanmianfazhan。jiakuaiwanshanbianjingdiquxueqianjiaoyugonggongkuaileshiertixi,jiadaduibianjingdiqunongcunxueqianjiaoyudezhichilidu,gulipuhuixingyoueryuanfazhan。tuidongxianyuneichengxiangyiwujiaoyuyitihuagaigefazhan,quanmiantuijinbianjingdiquyiwujiaoyuxuexiaobiaozhunhuakuaileshier,gaishanbianjingdiquyiwujiaoyujieduanjibenbanxuetiaojian,jiaqiangbianjingnongcunjisuzhixuexiaokuaileshier,kexuebuju、banhaocunxiaoxuehejiaoxuedian,tishengbianjingxuexiaojiaoyuzhiliang,qieshibaozhangshoutugubianbianminjiatingxuelingertongjiujinjiubianyouxueshang、shanghaoxue。shishigaozhongjieduanjiaoyupujigongjianjihua,jixuzhichibianjingdiqujiaoyujichuboruoxianputonggaozhongkuaileshier。jijifazhanfuhebianjingdiqushijidezhiyejiaoyu,luoshihaozhongdengzhiyejiaoyumianxuefeizhidu。kexuewentuotuixingshuangyujiaoyu,jiandingbuyituixingguojiatongyongyuyanwenzijiaoyu,zunzhonghebaozhangshaoshuminzushiyongbenminzuyuyanwenzijieshoujiaoyudequanli,jiaqiangshuangyukepuziyuankaifa。jixujiadaduibianjingdiqujiatingkunnanxueshengdedaikuanzhichilidu。jiadajiaoyuduikouzhiyuanlidu,jiaqiangbianjingdiqushizitebieshikexuejiaoshihekejifudaoyuanpeixun,xuanpaiyouxiujiaoshizhubianzhijiao,zhichidangdijiaoshiduiwukuaileshier。jiadajiaoyuduiwaikaifanglidu,zhichibianjingchengshiyuguojizhimingyuanxiaokaizhanhezuobanxue。

(教育部、中国科协、国家民委、国家发展改革委、财政部)

5.强力推进边境地区卫生事业发展。

快乐十二quanmiantishengbianminshentijiankangsuzhi。jiaqiangbianjingdiqunongcunsanjiyiliaoweishengkuaileshierwangluohegonggongweishengtixikuaileshier,shishibianjingdiquxianjiyiyuan、xiangzhenweishengyuan、cunweishengshibiaozhunhuakuaileshier,jinyibujiadayiliaoweishengjichusheshikuaileshierzhichilidu,jiangbianjingdiqushangweidabiaodexianjiyiyuanquanbunaruzhongyangzhichifanwei。dalituijinbianjingdiquyuanchengyiliao。yibianjingshi、bianjingxian、bianjingxiangzhen、bianjingkouan、jiaotongyanxianchengzhenweizhongdian,jiadaduibianjingjicengyiliaoweishengkuaileshierjigoudeduikouzhiyuanlidu,jiadadongbuyiyuanduixibuyiyuandezhichilidu。xuanpaiguojiayiliaoduijiaqiangduibianjingdiquxunhuiyiliaogongzuo,zaibianjingdiqubushuguojiaquyuweishengyingjizhidui。wanshanbianjingdiqujibingfangkongjiancetixi,qianghuajinjiyixuejiuyuannengli,yuzhoubianguojiazairenyuanpeixun、lianheyingjiyanlian、zhuanjiahufangdengfangmianjiaqianghezuo,gongtongzuzhikaizhanchuanranbing、difangbingdengfangzhigongzuo。

(国家卫生计生委、质检总局、国家发展改革委、财政部、国家民委)

6.大力促进边民就业创业。

quanlituidongbianminjiudijiujinjiuyechuangye。shishigengjiajijidejiuyezhengce,dalifazhanxinajiuyenengliqiangdechanyeheqiye,guligeleiqiyehuochanyeyuanquxinabianminjiuye,nulishixianbianminchongfenjiuye。tongchoutuijinzhongdianquntijiuye,tigongjiuyekuaileshier。jiaqiangduilinghuojiuye、xinjiuyexingtaidefuchi,cujinbianminzizhujiuye。jiaqiangjiuyeyuanzhu,duijiuyekunnanbianminshixingfenleibangfu,zuohaolingjiuyejiatingbangfugongzuo。cujinyizhuanyinongcunpinkunlaodonglizaidongtaizhongwendingjiuye。tuijinzhengfugoumaipeixunkuaileshier,dalituixingdingdanshipeixun、dinggangpeixun、dingxiangpeixundengyujiuyejinmilianxidepeixunmoshi,tishengzhiyepeixunzhiliang。shenrutuixingkejitepaiyuanzhidu。jiadaduixiangturencaihechuangyeduiwudepeiyanglidu,yindizhiyikuaileshieryipizhongchuangkongjian、“xingchuangtiandi”。kaizhanbianjingdiqupinkunjiatingzinv、weishengxuechugaozhongbiyesheng、nongmingong、shiyerenyuan、zhuangangzhigong、tuiyijunren、canjirenmianfeijieshouzhiyepeixunxingdong。jiangbufenyoulaodongnenglidebianminzhuanweidangdihulinyuandengshengtaibaohurenyuan。gulibianjingshengquzaiyanbianyixianshelihulinhucao、yanbianxiangcundaoluhejiejiangchuanzhixieguandenggangwei,tuijinbianminjiuyehubian。jinyibutansuobianfanggongzuoyujiejuebianminjiuyewentiyoujijiehedexinmoshi。

(人力资源社会保障部、科技部、工业和信息化部、农业部、国务院扶贫办、中国残联、公安部、环境保护部、国家林业局、财政部)

7.全面提升边境地区公共文化科技快乐十二能力。

dalituijinwenhuaqiangbian。tishenggonggongwenhuasheshikuaileshierheguanlishuiping,tuidongbianjingdiquxianjigonggongtushuguan、bowuguanankuaileshierbiaozhungaikuojian。jiaqiangbianjingdiqugonggongwenhuakuaileshiertixikuaileshier,jinyibujiadabianjingdiqugonggongwenhuaziyuangongji,jiaqiangyouxiuwenhuazuopindechuangzuo、yizhihechuanbo,tuijinjicenggonggongshuziwenhuayizhanshikuaileshierheyidongkuaileshier。qianghuabianjingdiquxuanchuanwenhuazhendikuaileshieryuguankong,weihuguojiawenhuaanquan。jiaqiangbianjingdiquwenhuayichanbaohu,tuidongbianjingdiquchuantonggongyizhenxing,zhichibianjingdiqufeiwuzhiwenhuayichanchuanchengrencanjiafeiyichuanchengrenqunyanxiuyanxipeixunjihua,zhichifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanshengchanxingbaohuhehelizhanshi。dalizhichibianjingdiqutesewenhuachanyefazhan,jiadabianjingdiquwenhuarencaipeiyang,zhichibianjingdiquduiwaiwenhuakuaileshierheduiwaiwenhuachanyehezuo,jixushishi“bianjiangwanlishuziwenhuazhanglang”、“chunyugongcheng”deng,gulibianjingshengqupeizhi“liudongbowuguan”。

快乐十二jiaqiangbianjingdiquxinwenchubanguangbodianshijichusheshikuaileshier。cujinquanminyuedu,tuidongshuziyuedu,tongchoukuaileshierchengxiangyuebaolan(ping)、shequyueduzhongxin、shuzi(weixing)nongjiashuwu、shuzi(weixing)yueduzhongduandengsheshi。tuijinxinwenchubanguangboyingshigonggongkuaileshierxiediaofazhan,fuchibianjingxianhebianjingkouanxinhuashudian、guomenshuwudengshitishudiankuaileshier,jixutuidongnongjiashuwutidangshengji、songshuxiaxiang,jiaqiangbianjingdiqushuzidianyingyuanxiankuaileshier。quanmiantishengbianjingdiquxinwenchubanfaxingwangdiankuaileshiershuipingheguangbodianshijiemuchuanshufugainengli,tigaoxinwenchubanguangboyingshineirongshengchanheyizhinengli,jiaqiangshaoshuminzuguangboyingshijiemuyizhihezhizuo,jiakuaituijinguangbodianshicuncuntongxianghuhutongshengji。jiaqiangjicengyingjiguangbokuaileshier。yituo“dongfenggongcheng”、“silushuxianggongcheng”、“jingdianzhongguoguojichubangongcheng”dengpingtaiheziyuan,jiakuaibianjingdiquxinwenchubanguangboyingshi“zouchuqu”bufa。jiaqiangbianjingdiquwenhuakuaileshierhexinxikuaileshier,tansuodazaobianjingwenhuamulinzonghexingkuaileshierzhongxin。

tishengkejichuangxinnengli。jiaqiangkejijichutiaojiankuaileshier,jiakuaijianliyiqiyeweizhuti、shichangweidaoxiang、chanxueyanyongxiangjiehedejishuchuangxintixi。zaibianjingdiqushenrukaizhankejikuaileshierhekepuhuodong,dalituidong“kepuzhongguo”luodiyingyong,zengqiangbianjingdiqukepukuaileshiernengli,jixukaizhan“kejiliechexing”、“kepudapengche”、bianjingminzudiqushuangyukepushidiandengkejikuaileshier。

(文化部、国家文物局、新闻出版广电总局、科技部、中国科协、国家民委)


专栏2 民生安边工程

1)护边脱贫工程。围绕维护边境安全,实施边境生态公益岗位脱贫行动,优先支持边境地区建档立卡贫困人口担任边境护林员、草管员、护渔员,在边境贫困县中的国家森林公园、国家湿地公园、国家沙漠公园、沙化土地封禁保护区和国家级自然保护区,安排建档立卡贫困人口从事森林管护、防火、旅游接待快乐十二,增加其劳务收入。(环境保护部、国家林业局、农业部、国务院扶贫办)

2)兴边富民整村推进工程。推动边境村庄实现“八通八有”目标。“八通”包括通路、通客车、通电、通安全饮用水、通清洁能源、通广播电视、通信息、通邮政。“八有”包括有合格村级组织活动场所、有文化活动场所和设备、有合格卫生室和村医、有宜居生活环境、有安全住房、有高稳产农田地(草牧场)、有增收致富产业、有规范的农民专业合作组织。(国家发展改革委、农业部、水利部、国家能源局、交通运输部、住房城乡快乐十二部、工业和信息化部、国家邮政局、新闻出版广电总局、环境保护部、文化部、国家卫生计生委、国家民委、国务院扶贫办、财政部)

3)安居守边工程。分期分批推进农村危房改造,统筹开展农房抗震改造,优先安排沿边境行政村危房改造任务,适当提高政府补助标准。(住房城乡快乐十二部、财政部)

4)边民就业创业工程。发展劳务经济,促进边境地区农业富余劳动力就地就近转移就业,提高居民就业质量和收入水平。降低创业创新门槛,推进大众创业、万众创新。支持设立返乡创业示范基地。快乐十二区域性公共实训基地。对边民有针对性地开展职业技能和创业培训,对符合条件人员按规定给予职业培训补贴和职业技能鉴定补贴。(人力资源社会保障部、国家发展改革委、财政部、农业部、国家林业局)

5)边民健康工程。加强卫生计生机构和口岸卫生检疫基础设施快乐十二、乡镇卫生院标准化快乐十二、村卫生室快乐十二、疾病防控体系快乐十二以及口岸公共卫生体系快乐十二,继续实施“万名医生支援农村卫生工程”和县级医院骨干医师培训项目,加强对周边国家传染病疫情的监测和预警。建立与周边国家疾病防治技术快乐十二及突发卫生事件应急信息沟通和联防联控工作机制。(国家卫生计生委、食品药品监管总局、质检总局、国家发展改革委、财政部、国务院扶贫办)

6)边境地区文化快乐十二工程。加强县、乡、村级文化设施网络快乐十二,统筹无线、有线、卫星三种技术方式,实现数字广播电视户户通。实施广播电视无线发射台基础设施快乐十二工程,完善应急广播体系。实施边境民族文化精品工程、网络文化固边兴边工程。(文化部、新闻出版广电总局、国家网信办、财政部)

7)边境地区教育快乐十二工程。实施学前教育行动计划,加强普惠性幼儿园快乐十二。全面推进边境地区义务教育学校标准化快乐十二。实施高中阶段教育普及攻坚计划,继续支持边境地区教育基础薄弱县普通高中快乐十二。加强双语教师培养培训,快乐十二一批双语教师培养培训基地。继续实施“国培计划”,支持中西部乡村教师校长培训,选派优秀教师驻边支教。(教育部、国家民委、国家发展改革委、财政部)


(三)围绕产业兴边大力发展边境地区特色优势产业。

1.推进边境地区特色优势农业发展。

lizubianjingdiqulvsenongye、tesenongyefazhanjichu,dazaoyanbianshengtaigaoxiaoanquannongyejingjidai。jiakuaizhuanbianbianjingdiqunongyefazhanfangshi,zheligoujianyanbianxiandainongyechanyetixiheshengchanjingyingtixi,tigaonongyezhifubianminnengli。chongfenyituobianjingdiqulvsenongmuyeziyuan,youhuafazhantesezhongzhiye,jijifazhancaomuye,youxufazhanjiankangshuichanyangzhi,dalifazhanteselinyechanye。zhidaobianjingdiqujiakuainongyechanyehuafazhan,fahuilongtouqiyezuoyong,yanshenchanyelian、dazaogongyinglian,xingchengquanchanyelian,tuijinyiersanchanyeronghefazhan,dalifazhanxiuxianguanguangnongye、nongcundianshang、nongchanpindingzhidengxinchanyexinyetai。zhichibianjingdiqushishi“yicunyipin”qiangcunfumingongcheng、jiatingnongchangkuaileshiergongcheng、zhongyaocaiguifanhuashengchanjidikuaileshiergongcheng、“hulianwang+”xiandainongyexingdong、nongchanpinchanqu“kuaidixiaxiang”gongcheng、xinxingzhiyenongminpeiyugongcheng,jiakuaibianjingdiquzhuanyecun、zhuanyexiangzhenkuaileshier,dalizhichizhuanyecunzhentesenongchanpinpinpaidazao,tuijinnongminhezuoshechuangxinguifanfazhan,cujinbianminjiuyezengshou。zhichibianjingdiqukaizhannongyeguojihezuoxiangmu。qianghuabianjingdiqunongchanpindilibiaozhidengjibaohu。tuijintesenongchanpingongyingjidikuaileshierheguojiajichukoushipinnongchanpinzhilianganquanshifanqukuaileshier。

(农业部、国家林业局、国家发展改革委、财政部、国土资源部、工业和信息化部、科技部、商务部、质检总局、国家邮政局、国家中医药局、食品药品监管总局)

2.推进边境地区特色加工制造业发展。

快乐十二dalifuchibianjingdiqufazhanteseyoushijiagongye,peiyuguimoda、chanzhigao、daidongliqiang、shouyimianguangdezengshouzhifuchanye。cujinxinxinggongyehuachanyeshifanjidikuaileshier,yindaochanyejiyuejijufazhan。yinjinhepeiyulongtouqiye,shixianchanyeyanshenyufazhan,baziyuanyoushizhuanhuaweijingjiyoushi。fazhanwaixiangxingyoushizhizaoye,yindizhiyipeiyuyipiqinggong、fangzhifuzhuang、wujinjiancai、zhuangbeizhizao、jidianchanpin、dianzixinxi、nengyuanheyuancailiaodengchanyejidi,xingchengyipiyoujingzhenglidetesechanyejiqun。shishibianjingdiqu“hulianwang+”xingdong,tuidonghulianwangyuchuangyechuangxin、yiminkuaileshier、gaoxiaowuliu、dianzishangwu、bianjiejiaotong、lvseshengtai、wenhualvyoudengjiehe,buduantuozhanronghelingyu。gulishaoshuminzutexushangpinshengchanqiyejishugaizaohedaxingshangpinshichangzhuanxingshengji,fuchiminzuteseshougongyipinkaifaheshengchan。

(工业和信息化部、交通运输部、文化部、人民银行、商务部、国家旅游局、国家民委)

3.推进边境地区特色快乐十二业发展。

yizhongdiankouanchengshiweijiedian,kuaileshieryipineiwaimaoyitihuadeteseshangmaoshichang、shangpinjiaoyishichang,gulihezhichifazhanguojishangmaowuliuchanye。tuidongbianjingdiqudianzishangwufazhan,kuaileshieryipi“bianjingcang”。dalifazhankuaileshierwaibao、zhongyiyaokuaileshier、huizhankuaileshier、jinrongkuaileshierdengkuaileshiermaoyi,tuidongyoutiaojiandedifangkuaileshieryanbiankuaileshierwaibaohezuoqu。yituominzuwenhuaziyuan,dalifazhanminzuwenhuachanye,dazaobianjingminzuwenhuapinpai。zaixiangmu、zijinhezhengceshangduibianjingdiqulvyouyeyuyiqingxiezhichi,dalifazhan“duocaibianjing”lvyouhekuajingteselvyou,jijifuchiyipiduituopinzhifudaidongliqiangdezhongdianjingqu。tuidongkuaileshierbianjinglvyoushiyanqu、kuajinglvyouhezuoquhequanyulvyoushifanqu,kaifajuyoubianjingdiyutese、minzutesedelvyouxiangmu、zhutijiudianhetesecanyin,banhaominzufengqingjie。zhichibianjingdiqutesewenhuachanyehelvyouyeronghefazhan,kaifagaopinzhiteselvyouchanpin,tishengwenhualvyoucengciheshuiping。dazaosichouzhilu、chamagudao、huanximalayadengguojijingpinlvyouxianlu,jiaqiangzhongdianlvyouchengshihejingdiankuaileshier。

(商务部、海关总署、外交部、国家旅游局、国家林业局、国家发展改革委、公安部、交通运输部、质检总局、国家民委)

4.推进边境地区产业园区发展。

genjubianjingdiquziyuanbingfu、quweiyoushi、chanyejichu、shengtaitiaojianyijiyuzhoubianguojiapilindiqudehubuxing,kuaileshiernengyuanziyuanjiagongchanyejidi、chukoujiagongyuanqu、quyuxingguojishangmaowuliuzhongxin,jinyibujianquanshichangtixi,xiyinzijin、jishuherencaidengziyuanyaosujiju,dalituijinchanyeyuanqufazhan。dazaoyipiguojiajitesechanyeyuanquhejidi,tuidongbianjingdiquyuneidihezuogongjianchanyeyuanqu,tansuofazhanfeidijingji。

(工业和信息化部、商务部、国土资源部、国家发展改革委)


专栏3 产业兴边工程

1)边境地区特色优势农业培育工程。加快发展绿色有机农业和现代特色农业,快乐十二沿边地区特色优势农业生产基地、加工基地、农技推广示范基地和农业对外开放合作试验区。支持边境地区新型经营主体发展加工流通、直供直销、休闲农业和乡村旅游,支持企业、合作社与农户联合快乐十二原料基地、营销平台,促进一二三产业融合。强力推进“一村一品”专业示范村镇快乐十二,打造一批特色鲜明、附加值高、主导产业突出、农民增收效果显著的专业村镇。(农业部、国家发展改革委、财政部、质检总局、国家中医药局、食品药品监管总局)

2)边境地区特色林业富民工程。大力推进边境地区实施特色林果、木本油料、木本粮食、国家储备林、林下经济、林木种苗、花卉、竹藤等扶持工程,因地制宜发展林果、林草、林菌、林药、林禽、林畜、林菜、林蜂等富民产业,打造一批特色示范基地。(国家林业局、农业部、国家发展改革委、财政部)

3)多彩边境旅游工程。按照提高层级、打造平台、完善机制的原则,深化与周边国家的旅游合作,支持有条件的地区研究设立跨境旅游合作区。依托边境城市,强化政策集成和制度创新,研究设立边境旅游试验区。大力培育开发具有边境特色的重点旅游景区和国际精品旅游线路,快乐十二一批边境特色旅游区、民族特色旅游村镇。(国家旅游局、国家发展改革委、住房城乡快乐十二部、国家林业局、公安部、外交部、交通运输部、海关总署、质检总局、国家民委)

4)民贸民品和少数民族特色手工艺品发展工程。给予边境地区民贸企业、民族特需商品定点生产企业、民族特色传统手工业和龙头企业特殊扶持,帮助各族群众就地就业、增收致富。(国家民委、财政部、人民银行、商务部、国家发展改革委)

5)边境产业园区快乐十二工程。在边境县、边境市布局快乐十二一批综合快乐十二功能完善、充满活力的产业集聚区,促进劳动力就地就近就业。在有条件的地方快乐十二华侨产业园。快乐十二一批区域性商品物流集散中心,因地制宜推进农产品专业批发市场、文化产业园区、口岸物流基地、国际商贸物流中心快乐十二,加快打造国际物流通道。(工业和信息化部、农业部、国家发展改革委、国务院侨办、商务部、文化部、国土资源部、交通运输部、质检总局)

6)边境创新品牌行动工程。围绕具有民族特色的农产品、医药、食品等搭建创新品牌培育平台,以电子商务、各类品牌博览会为载体,打造一批竞争力强、带动面广、市场前景好、促进群众增收致富的知名品牌,培育品牌竞争力,走出一条品牌引领、科技支撑、产业升级、经济跨越的创新驱动发展之路。(科技部、国家民委、商务部、质检总局)

7)扩大食品农产品出口工程。通过快乐十二特色出口食品农产品质量安全示范区(基地),支持边境地区大力发展农林特色产业,努力扩大出口,引导结构调整、产业层次提升和产品质量提高。(质检总局、国家民委、国务院扶贫办、农业部、国家林业局)


(四)围绕开放睦边着力提升沿边开发开放水平。

1.推动边境地区深度融入“一带一路”快乐十二。

yituoquweiyoushi,chongfenfahuiduiwaikaifangchuangkouzuoyong,jiakuaituidongbianjingdiqurongru“yidaiyilu”kuaileshier,zaijiaqiangyuzhoubianguojiadezhengcegoutong、sheshiliantong、maoyichangtong、zijinrongtong、minxinxiangtongfangmianfahuiqianyanzuoyong。wanshanbianjingdiqudifangzhengfuduiwaihezuojizhi。fazhanyipibianjingzhongxinchengshi,tuidongyanbianzhongdiandiqujiakuaifazhan,qianghuaduipilindiquchanyedefushedaidongnengli。zaijubeitiaojiandedifangtuiguangyunnan、guangxiyanbianjinrongzonghegaigeshiyanquzhengce。yituoshanghaihezuozuzhi、zhongguo—dongmengziyoumaoyiqu、lancangjiang—meigonghehezuo、zhongyaquyujingjihezuo、datumenchangyi、zhongbajingjizoulang、mengzhongyinmianjingjizoulang、zhongmengejingjizoulangdenghezuopingtai,cujinbianjingdiquyuzhoubianguojiahediqudejingmao、wenhua、kejikuaileshieryuhezuo。

(国家发展改革委、商务部、外交部、海关总署、工业和信息化部、质检总局)

2.大力推动边境地区对外贸易发展方式转变。

zhichiduiwaimaoyizhuanxingshengji,youxufazhanbianjingmaoyi,wanshanbianmaozhengce,zhichibianjingxiaoemaoyixiangzonghexingduoyuanhuamaoyizhuanbian,tansuofazhanlianmaoyi。jiaqiangbianminhushidiankuaileshier,xiuding《bianminhushimaoyiguanlibanfa》he《bianminhushijinkoushangpinbuyumianshuiqingdan》,yangeluoshiguojiaguidingfanweineidemianzhengjinkouguanshuihejinkouhuanjiezengzhishuizhengce。zhichiyanbianzhongdiandiquchuangjianchukoushangpinzhilianganquanshifanqu,tuiguangdianzishangwuyunyong,jiehequweiyoushihetesechanyezuodazuoqianglvyou、yunshu、jianzhudengchuantongkuaileshiermaoyi。tuijinyanbianzhongdiandiqujinrong、jiaoyu、wenhua、yiliaodengkuaileshieryelingyuyouxukaifang,zhubushixiangaoshuipingduineiduiwaikaifang。

(商务部、公安部、交通运输部、财政部、海关总署、税务总局、质检总局、人民银行、国家外汇局、工业和信息化部)

3.提升沿边开放便利化水平。

jiadayanbiankouankaifanglidu,tuijinbianjingkouanduidengshelihekuodakaifang。qieshitigaoduiyanbianzhongyaokouandejianguannengli,chuangxinkouanjianguanmoshi,youhuachayanjizhi,zaiyanbianzhongdiandiquyoutiaojiandehaiguanteshujianguanquyushenhua“yixianfangkai”、“erxiananquangaoxiaoguanzhu”dejianguankuaileshiergaige。jiaqiangyanbian、neilu、yanhaitongguanxiezuo,yituodifangdianzikouanpingtai,tuijinyanbiankouanguojimaoyi“danyichuangkou”kuaileshier。zhichijubeitiaojiandeyanbianzhongdiandiqujiejianshanghaidengziyoumaoyishiyanqujingyan,zaitouzi、maoyi、jinrong、chuangxinchuangye、shizhongshihoujianguandengfangmiantansuoyuguojigaobiaozhunjiegui。jiaqiangyuzhoubianguojiazaichurujingguanli、jianyanjianyihebianfangjianchalingyudehezuo,tuijinrenyuanwanglaibianlihua。

(海关总署、商务部、公安部、质检总局、国家旅游局、外交部)

4.加强边境地区开发开放平台快乐十二。

快乐十二jiakuaituijinguangxidongxing、pingxiang,yunnanruili、mengla(mohan),neimenggumanzhouli、erlianhaote,heilongjiangsuifenhe—dongningdengzhongdiankaifakaifangshiyanqukuaileshier,gaigechuangxinshiyanqutizhijizhi,youhuaquneichanyejiegou,jiakuaikuaileshierguojimaoyijidi、guojiwuliuzhongxin、jinchukoujiagongjidi、guojirenwenkuaileshierzhongxindeng,dazaowangluohualianjie、litishijiaotong、shengtaixingfazhandexiandaihuaguojikouanchengshi。jiadaduibianjingjingjihezuoquhekuajingjingjihezuoqudezhichilidu。tuidongbianjingjingjihezuoquyudongbudiquguojiajijingjijishukaifaqudenggeleiyuanquyiduiyihezuo,guliyoutiaojiandebianjingjingjihezuoquyuzhoubianguojiakaizhanchanyehezuo,jijiyouxuchengjiejingneiwaichanyezhuanyi,tuidongbianjingjingjihezuoqujiagongzhizao、bianjingmaoyi、shangmaowuliu、xiuxianlvyoudengtesechanyehexiangguanxinxingchanyefazhan。wenbukuaileshierkuajingjingjihezuoqu,chongfenfahuiqizaicujinhulianhutonghetansuoguojijingmaohezuoxinmoshidengfangmiandeyoushi,bianlimaoyitouziherenyuanwanglai,tuijinchanyehezuo,daidongyuxianglinguojiabianjingdiqujingjiwanglai。fahuihaozhoubianjingwaijingmaohezuoqudedaidongzuoyong。tuchushengtaibaohu、xiuxianlvyou、kouantongdaodenggongneng,kuaileshierheixiazidaozhongeguojihezuoshifanqu。

(国家发展改革委、商务部、人民银行、国家旅游局、外交部、公安部、工业和信息化部、质检总局、海关总署)


专栏4 开放睦边工程

1)边境口岸快乐十二工程。加强口岸统筹规划,优化边境口岸布局。加强边境口岸基础设施及其检查检验检疫配套设施快乐十二,合理配备口岸管理和进出境检查检验检疫设备,提高口岸运行效率,提升通行能力和水平。加快同周边国家和区域基础设施互联互通快乐十二,增强快乐十二能力,发展口岸经济。(海关总署、质检总局、公安部、交通运输部、外交部、国家发展改革委)

2)边境口岸产业培育工程。依托边境经济合作区、出口加工园区等合作平台,大力发展出口加工业并引进一批合作企业,允许沿边重点口岸、边境城市、边境经济合作区在人才快乐十二、加工物流、旅游等方面实行特殊方式和政策,形成以加工物流、商贸流通、边境旅游为主的优势产业。(工业和信息化部、农业部、财政部、国家发展改革委、商务部、文化部、交通运输部、质检总局)

3)边民互市贸易点快乐十二工程。优化边民互市点布局,完善基础设施和配套条件,提高管理和快乐十二水平,促进边民互市贸易发展和转型升级。(国家发展改革委、商务部、财政部、海关总署、质检总局)

4)边境人员往来便利化工程。充分利用因公出访毗邻国家(地区)相关政策,为沿边重点开发开放试验区因公赴毗邻国家(地区)执行任务提供便利。加强与毗邻国家合作,推动允许两国边境居民持双方认可的有效证件依法在两国边境许可范围内自由通行,对常驻边境市从事商贸活动的非边境地区居民实行与边境居民相同的出入境政策。对周边国家合作项目项下人员出入境给予通关便利。(外交部、公安部、国家旅游局、海关总署、质检总局)


(五)围绕生态护边加强边境地区生态文明快乐十二。

1.筑牢国家生态安全屏障。

快乐十二jiakuaishishiyiqingzanggaoyuanshengtaipingzhang、huangtugaoyuan—chuandianshengtaipingzhang、dongbeisenlindai、beifangfangshadaidengweizhutideshengtaianquanzhanlve。dalituijinzhongdashengtaigongchengkuaileshier,jiaqiangzhongdianquyu、liuyushengtaikuaileshierhehuanjingbaohu,gouzhuyicaoyuanhetianranlinweizhuti、shengtaixitongliangxingxunhuan、renyuziranhexiexiangchudeguojiashengtaianquanpingzhang。jiaqiangguomenshengwuanquantixikuaileshier,jianquanguomenshengwuanquanchayanjizhi,yanfangdongzhiwuyibingyiqingchuanru。

(国家发展改革委、国家林业局、环境保护部、国土资源部、水利部、农业部、质检总局)

2.加强边境地区生态快乐十二。

jiaqiangzhongdianfanghulintixikuaileshier,jiaqiangshuitubaochihenongtianshengtaibaohu,jixushishituigenghailinhaicao、tuimuhaicao、shimohuazhili、tianranlinziyuanbaohudenggongcheng。goujianshengtailangdaoheshengwuduoyangxingbaohuwangluo,shishishengwuduoyangxingbaohuxingdongjihua,jiadashengwuduoyangxingbaohuheziranbaohuqukuaileshierlidu。jiaqiangbianjingdiqudongzhiwuyibingyiqingfangkong,youxiaofangfankuajingchuanbofengxian。fangfanwuzhongziyuansangshihewailaiwuzhongruqin。tuijinshuizhilianghaohuboshengtaihuanjingbaohuheshengtaixiufugongcheng。tongchoukaolvjiangfuhetiaojiandebianjingxianyouxiannaruguojiazhongdianshengtaigongnengqu。jianlishengtaibaohubuchangjizhi。

(国家发展改革委、财政部、农业部、国家林业局、质检总局、水利部、环境保护部)

3.推进边境地区环境污染治理。

shixingzuiyangedehuanjingbaohuzhidu,xingchengzhengfu、qiye、gongzhonggongzhidehuanjingzhilitixi。duikaifakuaileshierleiguihua,jiyuziyuanhuanjingchengzainenglijianceyujingpingjia,yifakaizhanhuanjingyingxiangpingjiagongzuo,yishengtaihuanjingzhilianggaishanweimubiao,yanbahuanjingzhunruguan,youhuaquyufazhanbujuyuguimo。tuijinduowuranwuzonghefangzhihehuanjingzhili,shixinglianfangliankongheliuyugongzhi。shenrushishidaqiwuranfangzhixingdongjihua,jixuluoshishuiwuranfangzhixingdongjihuaheturangwuranfangzhixingdongjihua,jinghuanongchanpinchandihenongcunjuminshenghuohuanjing。jiaqiangchengxianghuanjingzonghezhengzhi,pubiantuixinglajifenleizhidu,quanmiantuijinnongcunlajizhili。jinyibuqianghuabianjingdiquhuanjingjianguannenglikuaileshier。yangezhixingjienengjianpaikaohe。

(环境保护部、国家发展改革委、国土资源部、水利部、农业部、国家林业局)


专栏5 生态护边工程

1)边境生态安全保障工程。对生态区域重要、森林草原病虫鼠害和森林草原火灾多发的地区,加大支持力度,尽快建立森林草原病虫鼠害防治和森林草原防火体系。科学划定并严守生态保护红线。健全山水林田湖一体治理机制,加强国土绿化和草原生态修复。(国家发展改革委、国家林业局、环境保护部、水利部、农业部)

2)人居环境综合整治工程。着力开展农村人居环境综合整治行动,结合美丽乡村和新农村快乐十二加快农村污水治理。加强排污管(沟)、污水处理设施、垃圾无害化处理设施等快乐十二。把发展庭院经济与村寨绿化亮化美化结合起来,快乐十二绿色村庄,充分挖掘和弘扬人与自然和谐相处的传统文化,完善村规民约,健全各项管理制度,把沿边村寨快乐十二成为卫生整洁、生态优良、留得住乡愁的美丽村寨。(住房城乡快乐十二部、环境保护部、水利部、工业和信息化部、农业部、国家林业局、国土资源部、国家发展改革委)

3)边境地区动植物疫病防控工程。完善进出境动植物疫病疫情联防联控周边合作机制,探索建立边境动物疫病控制区,防范动植物疫病疫情跨境传播。强化外来入侵物种监测预警,建立入侵生物阻截带,防治外来物种入侵。(质检总局、国家林业局、农业部)


(六)围绕团结稳边通力维护民族团结和边防稳固。

1.加强边境地区基层治理能力快乐十二。

快乐十二guancheluoshiquanmiancongyanzhidangyaoqiu,zheliqianghuadangdezhengzhi、sixiang、zhiduhezuofengyinling,quanmianzengqiangjicengdangzuzhizhandouli,quanmiantishengjicengzhengquankuaileshiershuiping,tishengxiangzhen(jiedao)kuaileshiernengliyuzhilishuiping,tuijinjicengzhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua。jiaqiangbianjingdiqujicengdangzuzhikuaileshier,zhuahaoyicunjidangzuzhiweihexindecunjizuzhikuaileshier,chongfenfahuijicengzhengquanzhendigongneng,tishengjicengdangzuzhihedangyuanweihuwending、tuidongfazhan、kuaileshierqunzhong、ningjurenxin、baohushengtai、cujinhexie、gonggubianfangdenengliheshuiping。jiaqiangchengxiangshequkuaileshier,jianlijianquandangzuzhilingdaoxiadejicengqunzhongzizhijizhi,shixianzhengfuzhiliheshehuidiaojie、juminzizhiliangxinghudong。

(中央组织部、国家民委、人力资源社会保障部、民政部)

2.不断巩固和发展民族团结进步事业。

shenrukaizhanaiguozhuyiheminzutuanjiexuanchuanjiaoyu,laogushuli“sangelibukai”sixiang,peiyuzhonghuaminzugongtongtiyishiheguojiayishi,buduanzengqiangduiweidazuguo、zhonghuaminzu、zhonghuawenhua、zhongguogongchandang、zhongguoteseshehuizhuyiderentong,shulizhengquedeguojiaguan、minzuguan、zongjiaoguan、lishiguan、wenhuaguan,buduanzengqiangweihuminzutuanjieheguojiatongyi、fanduiminzufenliedezijuexing、zhudongxing、jiandingxing,chuandiminzutuanjiedezhengnengliang。cujingeminzujiaowangkuaileshierjiaorong,yifatuoshanchulishejiminzuyinsudewenti,jianjueyifadajipohuaiminzutuanjiehefenliezuguodeweifafanzuihuodong。guangfanshenrukaizhanminzutuanjiejinbuchuangjianhuodong,zhashituijinminzutuanjiejinbushifanqu(danwei)kuaileshier。

(国家民委、中央宣传部、中央统战部、教育部、文化部、新闻出版广电总局、国家发展改革委、公安部、共青团中央、国家宗教局)

3.推进军民深度融合发展。

zaibianjingdiquguangfankaizhanaiguoshoubianjiaoyu,dalixuanchuanrenminbianfangweirenmin、renminbianfangkaorenmin,zhulaorenminbianfangdetongqiangtiebi。zaibianjingkuaileshierzhongguancheguofanggongguyaoqiu,tongshihelijianguminyongxuyao。jianchijundiziyuanyouhuapeizhi、heligongxiang、pingzhanjiehe、yanbianyanxianxianjie,jiaqiangjundizaijichusheshiheshehuikuaileshierdenglingyudetongchoufazhan。shishijunminronghefazhangongcheng,zengqiangjichusheshijunmingongyongdexiediaoxing。jiaqiangbianfangjichusheshikuaileshier。gonggujunzhengjunmintuanjie,dangzhengjunjingminheliqiangbiangufang,tigaobianjingzonghefangweiguankongnengli,weihubianjingdiquanquanwending。

(公安部、中央军委国防动员部、国家发展改革委、工业和信息化部、财政部、国家民委)

4.通力共建和谐边疆。

快乐十二wanshanbianjingdiquzhilixiediaojizhi,zhidingbianjingdiqutufashijianyingjiyuan,guifanxinxibaogaozhidu,jiaqiangkuabumen、kuaquyuyingjiliandong,tishenglianhechuzhinengli。shenhuabianfangduiwaijiaowanghezuo,jishixieshangchulibianjingshiwu,miqiemulinyouhaoguanxi。tuijinbianjingdiquzhianfangkongtixikuaileshier,shenrukaizhanshehuizhianzhuanxiangzhengzhi,yanlidajizousi、fandu、fanqiang、touyueguo(bian)jing、feifachurujingdenggeleiweifafanzuihuodong。zhashituijinaimingubianmofancun(shequ)、xiangzhen、xianshichuangjian。zhichibianjingdiqugonganjiguanyuzhoubianguojiadifangjingwu、bianjian(yimin)、jindu、bianfangdengzhifabumenjianliduikouhezuojizhi,gongtongweihubianjingdiquanquanwending。jiaqiangwenhuazhifahezuo,dajifeifawenhuachanpinliuru,gouzhubianjingdiquwenhuaanquanpingzhang。quanmianzhengqueguanchedangdezongjiaogongzuojibenfangzhen,yindaozongjiaojierenshihexinjiaoqunzhongweiwenbiangubianhebianjingdiqufazhankuaileshier。jixukaizhanhexiesiguanjiaotangchuangjianhuodong。

(公安部、国家发展改革委、财政部、外交部、海关总署、质检总局、新闻出版广电总局、国家民委、国家宗教局、中央军委国防动员部)


专栏6 团结稳边工程

1)民族团结进步创建工程。开展民族团结进步示范典型创建活动,快乐十二一批民族团结进步示范市、县、乡(镇)、村(社区)、学校、企事业单位、连队等,建立一批民族团结进步教育基地,使之成为维护民族团结、巩固祖国边防的战斗堡垒。(国家民委、教育部、文化部、公安部、新闻出版广电总局、人力资源社会保障部、国务院国资委、共青团中央)

2)兴边富民行动示范工程。开展兴边富民行动示范创建活动,命名一批兴边富民示范县、示范乡(镇)、示范村(社区),表彰一批兴边富民模范单位和模范个人,以示范带动引领,推动兴边富民行动深入开展。(国家民委、国家发展改革委、财政部)

3)爱民固边模范村创建工程。结合社会主义新农村快乐十二,推动开展“维护治安、民族和谐、经济合作、快乐十二民生”等特色爱民固边模范村创建活动,维护民族团结和边疆稳定。(公安部)

4)边境地区平安快乐十二工程。创新边境地区社会治安立体防控体系,建立健全党政军警民“五位一体”边境安全管控机制,提高军警民联防、联动、联勤、联合处置能力。加强边境地区突发事件预警和评估,完善重大情况应对预案。加大边境地区人防、物防、技防等基础设施快乐十二力度,加大边境地区反恐、禁毒、打击非法出入境和走私力度。(公安部、中央军委国防动员部、国家发展改革委、财政部、海关总署、国家民委、国家林业局、国家宗教局)


四、政策措施

快乐十二zhenduibianjingdiqudezhongyaozhanlvediweiheteshuxing,guojiayouxianzhichibianjingdiqugaigechuangxinhejiakuaifazhan,chutaichabiehuazhengceyuyizhichi,jinyibujiadaxiangguanyouhuizhengceduibianjingdiqudeqingxielidu。guojiazonghepeitaogaigeshiyanquyouxianzhichiyibufenbianjingxianshi。zuohaoyubianjingnongchang、linchangdengxiangguanzhengcedexianjie。

(一)边民扶持政策。

shengjirenminzhengfugenjushijiqingkuangjianlidongtaidebianminbuzhujizhi,zhongyangcaizhengtongguoyibanxingzhuanyizhifujiyuzhichi,gulibianjingdiququnzhongdibianjuzhuhetiebianshengchanshenghuo。jiangdibianminchuangyechuangxinmenjian,duibianminzizhuchuangyeshixing“lingchengben”zhuce,yindaogulifuhetiaojiandebianminanguidingshenqing10wanyuanyixiadechuangyedanbaodaikuan。jiadaduibianjinghuiqiancundefuchilidu。gebumenanpaidegexianghuiminzhengce、xiangmuhegongcheng,zuidaxiandudixiangbianjingdiquyouqishibianjingpinkundiqu、pinkuncun、pinkunrenkouqingxie。jiadaduibianjingdiqujiandanglikapinkunhutuopinbenxiaokangdezhichilidu。

快乐十二duiyuzaibianjingdiqudangzhengjiguan、quntuanzuzhi、guoyouqishiyedanweigongzuoman20nianyishangqiewubuliangjiludegongzuorenyuan,suozaidishengjirenminzhengfuketansuozaiqituixiushianzhaoguojiaguidingjiyubiaozhang。bianjingdiquxianxiangjiguanzhaolugongwuyuanshi,keyinachuyidingshuliangdezhiweizhaokaobenshixianhujihuozaibenshixianzhangqishenghuoderenyuan。luoshiguojiaduizaibianjingdiqugongzuodegongzhirenyuangongzi、fuli、zhufangdengfangmiandaiyuzhengce。chutaiyouhuizhengce,guliyouxiufuzhuanjunrenjiudianzhi。

(国务院扶贫办、财政部、国家发展改革委、住房城乡快乐十二部、民政部、人力资源社会保障部、国土资源部、农业部、国家民委)

(二)财政政策。

快乐十二chongfenkaolvbianjingdiquteshuxuyao,jiadaduibianjingdiquzhuanyizhifulidu,tuijindiqujianjibengonggongkuaileshierjundenghua。guojiatuigenghailinhaicao、tianranlinbaohu、fanghulinkuaileshier、shimohuazhili、fangshazhisha、shidibaohuyuhuifu、tuimuhaicao、shuishengtaizhilidengzhongdashengtaigongchengdexiangmuhezijinanpaijinyibuxiangbianjingpinkundiquqingxie。

快乐十二jiadaduibianjingdiqujichusheshi、chengzhenkuaileshier、chanyefazhan、minshengbaozhangdengfangmiandezhichilidu,yanjiutigaoduibianjingdiqutielu、minhang、nengyuan、xinxidengkuaileshierxiangmutouzibuzhubiaozhunhuozibenjinzhurubili。guojiafazhangaigeweijixushelixingbianfuminxingdongzhuanxiang,zhongdianzhichijichusheshi、jibengonggongkuaileshiersheshi、shengtaihuanjingbaohuherenjuhuanjingzhengzhi、minzuwenhuachuanchengdenglingyuxiangmukuaileshier。guojiawaijingmaofazhanzhuanxiangzijin、lvyoufazhanjijindengzhuanxiangfuchizijinxiangbianjingdiquqingxie。minzuzizhidifangdebianjingxianhebingtuanbianjingtuanchangxiangshouminzumaoyixiandeyouhuizhengce。youdifangtongchouduiminzumaoyiheminzutexushangpinshengchanshixingyouhuizhengce。

(财政部、国家发展改革委、国务院扶贫办、民政部、环境保护部、农业部、商务部、国家林业局、国家旅游局、国家民委)

(三)金融政策。

快乐十二guliheyindaoshangyexing、zhengcexing、kaifaxing、hezuoxingdenggeleijinrongjigoujiadaduibianjingdiqudezhichi。zhichishangyexingjinrongjigoujijitansuokaifashihebianjingdiqudejinrongchanpinhekuaileshiermoshi,helidiaojiheyindaoxindaiziyuan,jiadaduibianjingdiqujichusheshi、gaishanminshengheteseyoushichanyedezhichi。zaizunxunshangyeyuanzejifengxiankekongqiantixia,duibianjingdiqushangyexingjinrongfenzhijigoushidudiaozhengshouxinshenpiquanxian,gulijianggengduoziyuanyongyukuaileshierdangdijingjishehuifazhan。duibianjingpinkundiqufuhetiaojiandejinrongjigoujiadafupinzaidaikuanzhichilidu。zaibianjingshidiandiquwentuokaizhannongcunchengbaotudidejingyingquanhenongminzhufangcaichanquandiyadaikuanshidian,tansuotuokuannongcundiyadanbaowufanwei。chuangxinjinrongzhengcegongju,xiangzhengcexinghekaifaxingjinrongjigoutigongzhangqi、dichengbenzijin,yongyuzhichibianjingdiqufazhan。fahuizhengcexing、kaifaxingjinrongdegongnenghezuoyong,dalizhichibianjingdiqudejiandanglikapinkuncun、pinkunhuhepinkunrenkousuozaiquyujichusheshikuaileshier、tesechanyefazhanhejiaoyuyiliaofazhan。xiediaoyazhoujichusheshitouziyinxing、jinzhuanguojiaxinkaifayinxingzhichibianjingdiqufazhan。zhichibianjingdiqunongcunzhifukuaileshierhuanjingkuaileshier。jijifahuishuangbianbenbijiesuanxiedingdezuoyong,kuodabianjingdiqukuajingmaoyitouzizhongrenminbidejiesuanheshiyong。

peiyufazhanduocengcizibenshichang,zhichifuhetiaojiandebianjingdiquqiyezaiquanguozhongxiaoqiyegufenzhuanrangxitongguapai。guifanfazhankuaileshierzhongxiaoweiqiyedequyuxingguquanshichang。guliheyindaozaibianjingdiqushelichanyetouzijijintouziquyuxingchuangxinchuangyeqiye。jinyibujiadafeijinrongqiyezhaiquanrongzigongjutuiguang。zhichiqihuojiaoyisuoyanjiuzaiyanbianzhongdiandiqushelishangpinqihuojiaogecangku。

(人民银行、银监会、证监会、保监会、国家发展改革委、财政部)

(四)土地政策。

快乐十二jianchizuiyangedegengdibaohuzhiduhezuiyangedejieyueyongdizhidu。bianjingdiquguojiazhongdianjichusheshikuaileshierxiangmuxinzengkuaileshieryongdijihuazhibiaoyouguotuziyuanbuzhijieanpai,baozhangxingbianfuminyongdixuyao。fenjiexiadachengxiangkuaileshieryongdizengjianguagouzhibiaoxiangbianjingdiquqingxie,bianjingdiquguojiafupinkaifagongzuozhongdianxianzengjianguagouzhibiaokeyizaishengyufanweineidiaojishiyong,zengjianguagoushouyianguidingquanejiaoruguokuhou,tongguozhichuyusuantongchouanpaiyongyugaishanbianminshengchanshenghuotiaojianheshengtaiyiminbanqian。zhongyangheshengjizaifenpeigaobiaozhunnongtiankuaileshierrenwu、tudizhengzhiyugaobiaozhunnongtiankuaileshierzijinshi,zhongdianxiangbianjingdiquqingxie,jinyibujiadaduibianjingpinkundiqudezhichilidu。zaiyoutiaojiandebianjingdiqu,youxiananpaiguotuziyuanguanlizhidugaigeshidian,zhichikaizhanlishiyiliugongkuangfeiqidifukenliyongshidian。

(国土资源部、财政部、国务院扶贫办、农业部、环境保护部)

(五)社会保障政策。

快乐十二jiadaduibianjingdiqujuminjibenshebaotixidezhichilidu,helitigaochengxiangjuminjibenyiliaobaoxianzhengfubuzhubiaozhun,heliquedingzuidishenghuobaozhangbiaozhun。duiyufuhetiaojiandeyanbianjingxingzhengcunkunnanbianmincanjiaxinnonghedegerenjiaofeibufen,tongguochengxiangyiliaojiuzhujiyubuzhu。quanmianshishichengxiangjumindabingbaoxian,gulitansuoxiangbianjingdiqupinkunrenkouqingxiedejutibanfa,helitigaobaoxiaobili,qieshitigaodabingbaozhangshuiping。jiadabianjingdiqunongcunweifanggaizaozhichilidu。luoshihaozhongdengzhiyexuexiaomianxuefeiheguojiazhuxuejinzhengce。

(人力资源社会保障部、民政部、教育部、国家卫生计生委、财政部、国家民委)

(六)资源开发与生态保护补偿政策。

快乐十二helikuodabianjingdiquguangfu、fengdiandengyoushinengyuanziyuankaifaguimo。tansuozaibianjingdiqulvxianshixingziranziyuanzichanshouyifuchijizhi。zaibianjingdiqulvxiantansuojianliduoyuanhuashengtaibaohubuchangjizhi,kuodabuchangfanwei,helitigaobuchangbiaozhun。zhubujianlidiqujianhengxiangshengtaibaohubuchangjizhi,yindaoshouyidiquyutigongshengtaichanpindebianjingdiquzhijiantongguozijinbuzhu、chanyezhuanyi、rencaipeixun、gongjianyuanqudengfangshishishibuchang。wanshanbingjixushishicaoyuanshengtaibaohubuzhujianglizhengce,duishishijinmuhecaochupinghengdemuminshixingbutiehejiangli,zhichicaoyuanchumuyezhuanxingfazhan。kaizhanbianjingpinkundiqushengtaizonghebuchangshidian,jianquangongyilinbuchangbiaozhundongtaidiaozhengjizhi。jiadabianjingpinkundiqushengtaibaohuxiufulidu。

(国家能源局、环境保护部、农业部、工业和信息化部、国土资源部、财政部、国家发展改革委)

(七)对口支援政策。

yituodongxibufupinxiezuoheduikouzhiyuanjizhi,youguandongbushengfenheduikouyuanjiangyuanzangshengfen,jiadaduineimenggu、guangxi、yunnan、xizang、gansu、xinjiangdengshengqubianjingdiqudebangfulidu,zaichanyehezuo、laowuxiezuo、rencaizhiyuan、zijinzhichidengfangmianxiangbianjingdiquqingxie,guli、zuzhiminyingqiye、shehuizuzhi、gongmingerenjijicanyubianjingdiqukuaileshier。gulijingjijiaofadashengfen、dazhongchengshi、guoyoudazhongxingqiyecaiquduozhongxingshijijicanyudongbeibianjingdiqukuaileshier,zhichiliaoning、jilin、heilongjiangdengshengkaizhanshengneifupinxiezuoheduikouzhiyuan,tuidongbianjingdiqujiakuaifazhan。jixushishizhongyangheguojiajiguanjiqishiyedanweidengdingdianfupinheduikouzhiyuan。jixutuidongzhongyangqiyeyubianjingdiqukaizhangeleijingjijishukuaileshierhuodong。

(国家发展改革委、国务院国资委、中央组织部、人力资源社会保障部、科技部、国家民委、中央统战部、国务院扶贫办)

五、组织实施

(一)加强组织领导。

anzhao“guojiazhichi、shengfuzongze、shijiliandong、xianjiluoshi”defangzhen,jiaqiangzuzhilingdao,luoshirenwuzeren,miqiexiediaohezuo,quebaoruqiwanchengbenguihuaquedingdefazhanmubiao、zhuyaorenwuhezhongdiangongcheng。chongfenfahuixingbianfuminxingdongxiediaoxiaozuzuoyong,tongchouxiediaoxingbianfuminxingdongzhongdawenti,yanjiubushuxingbianfuminxingdongzhongdiangongzuohezhongdianrenwu,tuidongguihuayouxiaoshishi。

(二)明确责任分工。

guojiaminwei、guojiafazhangaigewei、caizhengbujutifuzezhidaobianjinggeshengquyindizhiyi、tuchuzhongdiantuijinxingbianfuminxingdong,huitongyouguanbumenhebianjingshengqujinyibujiaqiangduijie,yanjiuquedinggedixingbianfuminxingdongdezhongdianfangxiang、zhongdiancuoshi、zhongdiangongcheng。geyouguanbumenyaoanzhaoyaoqiu,jiangguihuazhuyaorenwuhezhongdiangongchengyubenbumen“shisanwu”zhuanxiangguihua、niandujihuaxiangxianjie。bianjinggeshengqurenminzhengfuyaojiaqiangzuzhilingdao,quanmianfuzebenshengqudeguihuazuzhishishigongzuo,zhidingpeitaoguihuahuoshishiyijian,mingquezerenfengong,quebaoguihualuodaoshichu。

(三)加强监督检查。

guojiaminwei、guojiafazhangaigewei、caizhengbuyaojiaqiangduiguihuashishiqingkuangdejiandujiancha,xiediaojiejueguihuashishiguochengzhongdewenti,youguanbumenhebianjingshengqurenminzhengfuyaopeihezuohaoxiangguangongzuo。jiaqiangguihuashishijiance,jianlizonghepingjiazhibiaotixi,tuijintongjixinxikukuaileshier,zuzhikaizhanguihuashishiqingkuangpinggu,dingqixiangguowuyuanbaogao。

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